Health Outcomes in Rohingya children and maternal factors after 1 -year migration on the refugee camps of Bangladesh in 2018-2019: An Observational study

Background: Health among the migrant children of age group (2-12 years) is often overlooked, although it can have a profound impact on the future. This is especially the case in the refugee settings of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh where there is a heightened need for reproductive health care and children health care. However, the resources for children health care are usually limited in the settings. Methods: The observational study was conducted with 634 children aged 2-12 years who visited the clinics along with their mother in December 2018- February 2018. Here we report on the health outcomes of the migrant Rohingya children and maternal factors on the refugee camps of Bangladesh. Results: Vitamin B deficiency (83%), skin disease (68%), Diarrhea during last 6 months (92%) and the problem of Helminthiasis (73%) were persistently high among the children. There were 42% of the children appeared without completion of the immunization and 51% of the children experienced acute diarrhea more than 4 times during the last 6 months. Tooth decay (21%) is also present among the children. Among the mothers, only 14% of them can read and write and 70% of the mothers gave the first birth before age 19. Anemic (49%) mothers are also high. The mean (standard deviation) number of children was found 5.7 (2.38) per women and 62% of the women took the baby within 1-year birth interval. There were 37% of the mothers who stopped feeding breast milk before 6 months and 84% of the mothers discontinued breast-feeding until 24 months. Conclusions: There is considerable room for improvement in children health care, decreasing adolescent pregnancy rates in these Rohingya populations, and educational opportunities may play a key role in effective interventions.