Pregnancy-related complications among the migrant women who gave birth in selected health facilities of Bangladesh: a crosssectional study in the Rohingya community

Objective: Multiple outbreaks of unrest in the Rakhine State of Myan-mar triggered large influxes of Rohingyas crossed into Bangladesh through the borders in Teknaf and Ukhia Upazilas of Coxs Bazar. More than 700,000 Rohingyas crossed into Bangladesh in 2016 and currently living in six previ-ous makeshift settlements and refugee camps. The pregnant women among Rohingyas face several complications during the pregnancy. This study estimated health facility-based prevalence for gestational complications. The background characteristics of the pregnant women and the gestational complications will be investigated in relation to low birth weight.

Methods: This will be a health facility-based cross-sectional study and data will be collected in January-April 2019 through structured interviews and medical records of 2000 women who gave birth in Ukhia Upzila. Frequencies and prevalence will be used to describe participants background factors and gestational complications. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression models will be performed for di↵erent background factors and low birth-weight outcomes.

Expected Outcome: The estimated health facility-based prevalence of pregnancy-related complications will be relatively high in this sample from the Rohingya community. We will identify the common gestational complications and we will also identify if there is any relationship between gestational complications and low birth-weight. Upgrading the capacity of health centres in the management of pregnant women in the Rohingya community may improve maternal and fetal health.

Health Outcomes in Rohingya children and maternal factors after 1 -year migration on the refugee camps of Bangladesh in 2018-2019: An Observational study

Background: Health among the migrant children of age group (2-12 years) is often overlooked, although it can have a profound impact on the future. This is especially the case in the refugee settings of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh where there is a heightened need for reproductive health care and children health care. However, the resources for children health care are usually limited in the settings. Methods: The observational study was conducted with 634 children aged 2-12 years who visited the clinics along with their mother in December 2018- February 2018. Here we report on the health outcomes of the migrant Rohingya children and maternal factors on the refugee camps of Bangladesh. Results: Vitamin B deficiency (83%), skin disease (68%), Diarrhea during last 6 months (92%) and the problem of Helminthiasis (73%) were persistently high among the children. There were 42% of the children appeared without completion of the immunization and 51% of the children experienced acute diarrhea more than 4 times during the last 6 months. Tooth decay (21%) is also present among the children. Among the mothers, only 14% of them can read and write and 70% of the mothers gave the first birth before age 19. Anemic (49%) mothers are also high. The mean (standard deviation) number of children was found 5.7 (2.38) per women and 62% of the women took the baby within 1-year birth interval. There were 37% of the mothers who stopped feeding breast milk before 6 months and 84% of the mothers discontinued breast-feeding until 24 months. Conclusions: There is considerable room for improvement in children health care, decreasing adolescent pregnancy rates in these Rohingya populations, and educational opportunities may play a key role in effective interventions.